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【文化】每个纺织人都应该了解的纺织历史

2018/6/6 11:22:00 来源: 评论(0)2 举报

纺织文化锦织物

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上海奇笙配资  SUIZHESHEHUIDEFAZHAN,ZAIRENLEIYUZIRANZUODOUZHENGDESHIJIANZHONG,FANGZHISHENGCHANJISHUHECHANPINPINZHIBUDUANDEDAOTIGAOHEFAZHAN。ZAINULISHEHUIDESHANGZHOUSHIQIYINGYONGZHUMAFANGZHIYIHENGUANGFAN,《SHIJING》ZHONGJIUYOU“DONGMENZHICHI,KEYIOUMA”,“DONGMENZHICHI,KEYIOUZHU”,“SHIYISHIHUO,WEICHIWEIXI”DENGDEJIZAI。CONGYINXUCHUTUDETONGZHIHETONGYUESHANGDELINGWENJIHUIWENSIZHIWUCANHENKEZHI,SHANGDAIYIYOUTIHUAJISHU。

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上海奇笙配资  ZAIJUJIN2100DUONIANDEMAWANGDUIYIHAOMUZHONGYEFAXIANLERONGQUANJINZHIWU(WOGUOZHANGRONGHETIANERONGDEQIANSHEN),ZHEIZHONGZHIWUSHIYONGTIHUAJIKONGZHISHANGWANGENJINGSHAZHICHENGDE。CIWAI,MUZHONGHAIFAXIANYIJIANZHILIANGJIN49gDESUSHADANYI,DANWEIMIANJIZHILIANGJIN10DUOKE。ZHEIXIEDOUSHUOMINGWOGUODEZHIZAOJISHUHENZAOJIUDADAOLEJIAOGAODESHUIPING。

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  我国的纺织品特别是丝织品在世界上一直享有盛誉。远在公元前五六世纪,我国的纺织品就传到了西亚和东欧。秦始皇时有人东渡黄海到日本传授织绸技术。汉武帝时(公元前119年)张骞第二次出使西域携带了大量丝织品,促进了中外丝织技术交流,重新打通了“丝绸之路”,使我国丝绸织品源源向西方输出。纺织品的输出到隋唐时期达到高潮,出口了许多水平很高的锦、绫、绮等不同织纹结构的丝织品,以及各种印染加工很精美的丝绢、棉布等纺织品。清嘉庆二十四年(公元1819年),我国从广州向欧美出口的南京布(松江棉布和江浙一带的紫花布)就有330多万匹之多。

  19SHIJI40NIANDAI,WOGUOFANGZHIGONGYEKAISHICAIYONGJIQISHENGCHAN,DANYOUYUQINGWANGCHAODEFUXIUMEILUOHEDIGUOZHUYIJINGJIDERUQIN,FAZHANJIWEIHUANMAN。DANGSHISUIRANXINGJIANLE“GANSUZHINIJU”“SHANGHAIJIXIEZHIBUJU”DENGQIYE,DANGUIMOBUDA,ERQIEDOUBEIKONGZHIZAIFENGJIANGUANLIAOSHOUZHONG。JIAWUZHANZHENGHOU(1895NIAN),YING、MEI、DE、RIDENGDIGUOZHUYIGUOJIAXIANGJIZAIWOGUOKAISHEFANGZHIGONGCHANG。JUTONGJI,ZAIDIYICISHIJIEDAZHANYIQIAN,FANGZHIGONGYEZHONGDEWAIGUOZIBENCHAOGUOBENGUOZIBENHENDUO,YOUCIKEJIAN,WOGUOJINDAIJIQIFANGZHIGONGYEYIKAISHIJIUSHOUDAOFENGJIANGUANLIAOHEDIGUOZHUYIDEKONGZHIHELONGDUAN。

  抗日战争胜利(1945年)后,日本帝国主义在我国的纺织印染工厂全部被四大家族所接收,成立了中国纺织建设公司,作为国民党反动政府控制全国纺织工业的官僚资本垄断机构,我国纺织工业陷入了新的困境。就棉纺织工业来说,解放前夕,全国仅有500万纱锭,不到7万台布机。

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